The name of the information system PANGAEA - Data Publisher for Earth and Environmental Science points to its ability to publish data. By using Pangaea as a publisher, entities of data, as definied by the authors, are handled similar to standard text publications. Each metadata block starts with a Citation:, consisting of standard bibliographic fields:
- Author(s); last name and first name/initial, separated by komma; several authors are abreviated by et al..
- Year of publication, in brackets, i.e. the year when the data set was made available (digital or print).
- Title of the data set; ends with a full stop.
- Source institution; this information is optional and only used, if data are not supplementary to a reference.
- DOI, starting with 10.1594/PANGAEA. ...
After import and review by curator and appoval of author/PI, a dataset receives the status published and is citable available on the Internet. To become a data publication, the status is transfered to published & citable which initiates an entry of the citation in the library catalog of the TIB (GetInfo). For 6 weeks, this entry can still be edited until final DOI-registriation. An immedate DOI-registration can be forced on request. Similar to text publications, data publication can not be changed after final registration/publication.
Pangaea provides two groups of citable data:
1) Data supplement - data are supplementary to a scientific paper and thus are integral part of the paper and of its peer-review:
- Hollis, Chris (1993): Latest Cretaceous to Late Paleocene radiolarian biostratigraphy: A new zonation from the New Zealand region, Marine Micropaleontology, 21(4), 295-327, doi:10.1016/0377-8398(93)90024-R , [supplementary data: doi:10.1594/PANGAEA.683866 ].
- In this case the citation of the paper must be used when using the data. The full citation provided by Pangaea consequently contains two DOI, one linking to the paper itself, and the second pointing to the data supplement. There is an onging discussion depending on the scientific discipline wether a data supplement should be seen as a publication by its own (librarian view) or as part of the paper (scientific view).
- An other point of discussion is the publication year of a data supplement. In new publications certainly both years, the one of the paper and the one of the data supplement, are the same. Archiving old/printed data, the year of the data supplement can have the year of the related publication or the year when the data were made available in digitized form through Pangaea (librarian view). Preference should be given to the year of the paper (to avoid confusion).
2) Data publication can be defined through the publishing functionality of Pangaea. Publishing data is not a common and accepted process in science so far. In data publications without a reference, the institute should be given as the source:
- Bauer, Wilfried; Spaeth, G; Jacobs, Joachim; Weber, Klaus; Siegesmund, S; Thomas, RJ (2004): Geological map of BJORNNUTANE, Heimefrontfjella, Antarctica (Scale 1:25 000). Alfred Wegener Institute for Polar and Marine Research, Bremerhaven; Institut for Geologie und Dynamik der Lithosphäre, Göttingen; Bundesamt für Kartographie und Geodäsie, Frankfurt, doi:10.1594/PANGAEA.138777
3) For peer-reviewed data publications various journals are available
- Earth System Science Data by Copernicus,
- Scientific Data by Nature,
- Geoscience Data Journal by Wiley,
- Journal list for various scientific fields.
Suggestion for a note in a journal article or report referring to its data supplement:
- Supplementary data are available at http://dx.doi.org/10.1594/PANGAEA.xxxxxx (where xxxxxx is the PANGAEA data set ID)
Suggestion for a note in a book or special volume of a journal containing various publications referring to the general use of Pangaea:
- Data related to publications in this volume are available in Open Access through PANGAEA - Data Publisher for Earth & Environmental Science, doi:10.1594/PANGAEA . Individual data sets are referenced by its DOI for direct access and citation.