BSRN

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General

The Baseline Surface Radiation Network (BSRN) is a project of the World Climate Research Program (WCRP) and its sub-program - GEWEX. BSRN is operationally responsible to the GEWEX Radiation Panel chaired by Dr Chris Kummerow. BSRN is now also a sub-program of GCOS, the Global Climate Observing System and answers to the GCOS AOPC. More information on these organizations can be found on their web sites (http://www.gewex.org, https://public.wmo.int/en/programmes/global-climate-observing-system/).

The central archive of the BSRN - the World Radiation Monitoring Center (WRMC) is hosted by AWI and within PANGAEA since 2007-12-01 (BSRN@AWI). Data were transfered from the original ftp-site at ETH until about 2008-03-01. A data overview is available at: https://dataportals.pangaea.de/bsrn/?

Information on how to become a part of BSRN is given on the BSRN Homepage (http://bsrn.awi.de/en/stations/join-bsrn/). Contact details: https://bsrn.awi.de/contact-persons/

Sortable Table of Stations
Station full name Abbreviation Location Latitude Longitude Elevation First dataset in archive Upward fluxes (in LR) Surface type Topography type Rural/Urban II Comment
Alert ALE Canada, Lincoln Sea 82.49 -62.42 127 2004-08-16 LR0300 tundra hilly rural
Alice Springs ASP Australia, Northern Territory -23.798 133.888 547 1995-01-01 grass flat rural
Barrow BAR USA , Alaska 71.323 -156.607 8 1992-01-01 LR0300 tundra flat rural
Bermuda BER USA, Bermuda 32.267 -64.667 8 1992-01-01 water, ocean flat rural
Billings BIL USA, Oklahoma 36.605 -97.516 317 1993-06-01 grass flat rural
Bondville BON USA, Illinois 40.0667 -88.3667 213 1995-01-01 LR3010 grass flat rural
Boulder BOS USA, Colorado 40.125 -105.237 1689 1995-07-01 LR3010 grass hilly rural
Boulder BOU USA, Colorado 40.05 -105.007 1577 1992-01-01 LR3300 grass flat rural Closed in July 2016
Brasilia BRB Brazil, Brasilia City -15.601 -47.713 1023 2006-02-01 concrete, since 2015: shrub flat rural
Budapest-Lorinc BUD Hungary, Budapest 47.4291 19.1822 139.1 2019-06-01 LR0300 grass flat rural
Cabauw CAB Netherlands 51.9711 4.9267 0 2005-12-01 LR0300 grass flat rural
Camborne CAM United Kingdom 50.2167 -5.3167 88 2001-01-01 grass flat rural
Cape Baranova CAP Russia 79.27 101.75 2016-01-01 LR0300 tundra flat rural
Carpentras CAR France 44.083 5.059 100 1996-08-01 cultivated hilly rural Closed in Dec 2018
Chesapeake Light CLH USA, North Atlantic Ocean 36.905 -75.713 37 2000-06-01 LR0300 water, ocean flat rural Closed in Dec 2016, structural issues
Cener CNR Spain, Navarra 42.816 -1.601 471 2009-07-01 asphalt mountain valley urban
Cocos Island COC Australia, Cocos (Keeling) Islands -12.193 96.835 6 2004-09-14 grass flat rural
De Aar DAA South Africa -30.6667 23.993 1287 2000-05-01 sand flat rural
Darwin DAR Australia -12.425 130.891 30 2002-06-01 LR3010 grass flat rural Closed Jan 2015
Concordia Station, Dome C DOM Antarctica -75.1 123.383 3233 2006-01-01 LR0300 glacier, accumulation area flat rural
Dongsha Atoll DON Taiwan 20.7 116.73 2 Candidate
Desert Rock DRA USA, Nevada 36.626 -116.018 1007 1998-02-01 LR3010 desert, gravel flat rural
Darwin Met Office DWN Australia -12.424 130.8925 32 2008-04-01 grass flat rural
Southern Great Plains E13 USA, Oklahoma 36.605 -97.485 318 1997-08-01 LR3010 grass flat rural
Eastern North Atlantic ENA Portugal, Azores 39.0911 -28.0292 15.2 grass hilly rural Candidate
Eureka EUR Canada, Ellesmere Island 79.989 -85.9404 85 2007-09-01 tundra hilly rural Station inactive end of 2011, being revitalized
Florianopolis FLO Brazil, South Atlantic Ocean -27.6047 -48.5227 11 1994-06-01 concrete mountain valley urban
Fort Peck FPE USA, Montana 48.3167 -105.1 634 1995-01-01 LR3010 grass flat rural
Fukuoka FUA Japan 33.5822 130.3764 3 2010-04-01 asphalt flat urban
Gandhinagar GAN India 23.1101 72.6276 65 2014-05-19 shrub flat urban
Goodwin Creek GCR USA, Mississippi 34.2547 -89.8729 98 1995-01-01 LR3010 grass hilly rural
Granite Island GIM USA, Michigan 46.721 87.411 208 2019-01-01 grass flat urban
Gobabeb GOB Namibia, Namib Desert -23.5614 15.042 407 2012-05-15 LR0300 desert gravel flat rural
Gurgaon GUR India 28.4249 77.156 259 2014-04-21 shrub flat urban
Georg von Neumayer GVN Antarctica, Dronning Maud Land -70.65 -8.25 42 1992-01-01 LR0300 iceshelf flat rural
Howrah HOW India 22.5535 88.3064 51 2014-06-15 shrub flat urban
Ilorin ILO Nigeria 8.5333 4.5667 350 1992-08-01 shrub flat rural Station closed in mid-2005, no funding
Ishigakijima ISH Japan 24.3367 124.1644 5.7 2010-04-01 asphalt flat rural
Izaña IZA Spain, Tenerife 28.3093 -16.4993 2372.9 2009-03-01 LR0300 rock mountain top rural
Kwajalein KWA Marshall Islands 8.72 167.731 10 1992-03-01 water, ocean flat rural
Lauder LAU New Zealand -45.045 169.689 350 1998-07-01 grass flat rural
Lerwick LER United Kingdom, Shetland Island 60.1389 -1.1847 80 2001-01-01 grass hilly rural
Lindenberg LIN Germany 52.21 14.122 125 1994-09-01 cultivated hilly rural
Lulin LLN Taiwan 23.4686 120.8736 2862 2009-01-20 Mixed forest mountain top rural
Langley Research Center LRC USA, Virginia 37.1038 -76.3872 3 2014-12-01 grass flat urban
Lanyu Station LYU Taiwan 22.037 121.5583 324 2018-07-01 forest, mixed mountain top rural
Momote MAN Papua New Guinea -2.058 147.425 6 1996-09-01 grass flat rural Closed late 2013
Minamitorishima MNM Japan, Minami-Torishima 24.2883 153.9833 7.1 2010-04-01 water (ocean) flat rural
Nauru Island NAU Nauru -0.521 166.9167 7 1998-11-01 rock flat rural Closed late 2013
Newcastle NEW Australia -32.8842 151.7289 18.5 2017-09-01 grass hilly urban
Ny-Ålesund NYA Norway, Spitsbergen 78.925 11.93 11 1992-08-01 LR0300 tundra mountain valley rural
Observatory of Huancayo OHY Peru -12.05 -75.32 3314 2017-08-01 LR0300 grass mountain valley rural
Palaiseau, SIRTA Observatory PAL France 48.713 2.208 156 2003-05-01 concrete flat urban
Paramaribo PAR Surinam 5.806 -55.2146 4 2019-01-01 grass flat urban
Payerne PAY Switzerland 46.815 6.944 491 1992-09-01 LR0300,LR3010,LR3030 cultivated hilly rural
Rock Springs PSU USA, Pennsylvania 40.72 -77.9333 376 1998-05-01 LR3010 cultivated mountain valley rural
Petrolina PTR Brazil -9.068 -40.319 387 2006-12-01 concrete, since 2015: shrub flat rural
Regina REG Canada 50.205 -104.713 578 1995-01-01 cultivated flat rural Closed end of 2011
Rolim de Moura RLM Brazil -11.582 -61.773 252 2007-01-01 concrete flat rural Closed in 2008
Reunion Island, University RUN Reunion -20.9014 55.4836 116 Candidate
Sapporo SAP Japan 43.06 141.3286 17.2 2010-04-01 asphalt flat urban
Sede Boqer SBO Israel 30.8597 34.7794 500 2003-01-01 desert rock hilly rural Closed 2012
Selegua, Mexico Solarimetric Station SEL Mexico 15.784 -91.9902 602 2020-01-01 LR0300 grass flat rural
São Martinho da Serra SMS Brazil -29.4428 -53.8231 489 2006-01-01 concrete, since 2015: grass flat rural
Sonnblick SON Austria 47.054 12.9577 3108.9 2013-01-01 rock mountain top rural
Solar Village SOV Saudi Arabia 24.91 46.41 650 1998-08-01 LR3030 desert, sand flat rural Closed/no longer maintained since 2002
South Pole SPO Antarctica -89.983 -24.799 2800 1992-01-01 LR0300 glacier, accumulation area flat rural
Sioux Falls SXF USA, South Dakota 43.73 -96.62 473 2003-06-01 LR3010 grass hilly rural
Syowa SYO Antarctica -69.005 39.589 18 1994-01-01 LR0300 sea ice hilly rural
Tamanrasset TAM Algeria 22.7903 5.5292 1385 2000-03-01 desert, rock flat rural
Tateno TAT Japan 36.0581 140.1258 25 1996-02-01 LR0300 grass flat urban
Tiksi TIK Russia, Siberia 71.5862 128.9188 48 2010-06-08 LR0300 tundra flat rural
Tiruvallur TIR India 13.0923 79.9738 36 2014-04-16 rock urban
Toravere TOR Estonia 58.254 26.462 70 1999-01-01 LR0300 grass flat rural
Xianghe XIA China 39.754 116.962 32 2005-01-01 desert, rock flat rural Station obstructed, no longer in BSRN since 2016
Yushan Station YUS Taiwan 23.4876 120.9595 3858 2018-04-01 forest, mixed mountain top rural

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